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Speed Post News Network Patna : Captain Joe Root scored 124, his 15th test century, as England reached 324/9  at stumps on day 3 in their second innings in the second test More »

Pak 59/2 at stumps on day 1 of 1st test against NZ

Pak 59/2 at stumps on day 1 of 1st test against NZ

Speed Post News Network Patna : New Zealand were all out for just 153 runs in 66.3 overs in their first innings in the first test against Pakistan on the first day More »

Ying, Okuhara, Intanon, Hyun enter SF of BSWF Hong Kong Open

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Speed Post News Network Patna : World No 1 in BWF rankings Tai Tzu Ying, 24, Taiwan, World No 6 Nozomi Okuhara, 23, Japan, World 8 Ratchanok Intanon, 23, Thailand, and World More »

Srikanth, Sameer crash out of BWF Hong Kong Open 2018

Srikanth, Sameer crash out of BWF Hong Kong Open 2018

Speed Post News Network Patna : World No 8 in Badminton World Federation (BWF) rankings Kidambi Srikanth, 25, India, and World No 18 Sameer Verma, 24, India, lost in the quarter-finals of  More »

7 IAS officers of 2014 batch promoted to Jt. Secretary rank

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Speed Post News Network Patna : Bihar Government on November 16, 2018, promoted 7 Bihar cadre IAS officers of 2014 batch to the Joint Secretary rank in senior selection grade scale with More »

Gunneswaran & Myneni to clash in final of ATP Challenger Banagalore

Gunneswaran & Myneni to clash in final of ATP Challenger Banagalore

Speed Post News Network Patna : World No 144 in ATP rankings Prajnesh Gunneswaran, 28, India, and World No 312 Saketh Myneni, 31, India, will clash in the final of  ATP Challenger More »

 

NACO releases HIV Estimations 2017 report, 21.4 lakh people living with HIV in India

Speed Post News Network

New Delhi : The National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) released the report HIV Estimations 2017 at a function here on September 14, 2018. The HIV Estimations 2017 is the 14th round in the series of HIV Estimations under National AIDS Control Programme (NACP).

NACO undertakes HIV estimations biennially in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) – National Institute of Medical Statistics (NIMS). The first round of HIV estimation in India was done in 1998 while the last round was done in 2015.

The report highlights the significant achievement of National AIDS response on prevention as well as on treatment front but has also indicated that there is no place for complacency as country move forward on ambitious goal of attaining the ‘End of AIDS’ by 2030.

As per the report, in 2017, India had around 21.40 lakh people living with HIV (PLHIV) with adult prevalence of 0.22%. Around 87.58 thousand new HIV infections and 69.11 thousand AIDS related deaths happened in 2017 while around 22,675 mothers needed Anti-retroviral Therapy (ART) for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV. HIV Estimations 2017 corroborate the previous rounds in terms of characteristic of the HIV epidemic in India i.e. national prevalence and incidence remains low, but the epidemic is high in some geographical regions and population group. The report has noted that the rate of decline in annual new HIV infections has been relatively slower in recent years.

The report concludes that, overall, the impact of the programme has been significant with more than 80% decline in estimated new infection from peak of epidemic in 1995. Similarly, estimated AIDS related death declined by 71% since its peak in 2005. As per UNAIDS 2018 report, the global average for decline in new infections and AIDS related deaths from peak has been 47% and 51% respectively, according to a PIB release.

The objective of HIV Estimations is to provide updated information on the status of HIV epidemic in India at national and State/UT level. Estimations of adult HIV prevalence, annual new infections (HIV incidence), AIDS-related mortality and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) needs are produced as outcomes of HIV estimations. The modelled estimates are needed because there is no direct reliable way of measuring these core indicators which are used to track the epidemic and monitor and evaluate the response in countries around the world.

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